According to a British survey conducted by Tresemme, the average woman spends more than $50,000 on her hair over her lifetime. Whether it’s shampoo, hair coloring, haircuts, or perms, we invest a lot of time and money into our looks and our locks. For this reason, it’s important to become educated about different types of hair design and styles. One common hair style is the perm. Not only should you know about the history of the perm, but it’s extremely helpful to become aware of the types of perms and their intended effects.
Perms Denver Colorado is short for permanent wave, and was developed in the 1800s, although it’s believed to have had its origins with the Egyptians, who wrapped their hair around sticks and coated them with clay. In more recent times, a French hair stylist by the name of Marcel Grateau is credited with inventing the first long-lasting hair perm technique in 1870.
In 1905 the first perm machine was designed by Charles Nessler, and was introduced in London in 1906.
In the 1920s the technique was modified, and the hair was instead wrapped from the ends up to the scalp (instead of from the scalp working downwards). This technique was called “croquignole waving” and was created by Robert Bishinger.
During the 1930s the cold wave method was introduced by Arnold F. Willat, who began to use cold wave lotion instead of heat for the perm. Essentially the cold wave method consisted of using chemicals instead of heat in order to produce the desired curls. Additionally, the cold wave method reduced the damage done to the hair by heat.
In 1941, the chemical ammonium thioglycolate was introduced and used as part of this technique.
In the 1950s experimentation with perms continued, with many types of perm products being marketed, both at the salon and at home. The salons were eager to keep clientele and advertise the advantages of a salon perm in comparison to an in-home perm, and used unique additives such as mink oil, wheat germ, and placenta.
Since the 1950s a wide variety of chemicals and techniques have been developed to aid in creating the perfect curl. The reverse perm was introduced in 1965 to give straight hair to those women with naturally curly hair.
As we became more aware of chemicals and pH levels and their effect on hair, the alkaline cold waving method gained traction as a safer, less-damaging perm technique. Two chemicals can be used: ammonium hydroxide is used for a firmer curl, and thioglycolic acid is used for a gentler curl. One other method of perms is the acid wave, which has a lower pH than cold waves and produces a more natural looking curl.
In summary, perms have a long history of helping women look their best, both for Egyptians and Americans alike. New techniques have been developed to optimize the curls and maximize your beauty. If you have any further questions about the most recent techniques for perms and hair, please don’t hesitate to call us for a free hair consultation.